Statistics Seminar 2019: " Backward SDEs, martingale problems and applications to mathematical finance"

  • Data: 13 novembre 2019

  • Luogo: Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche - via delle Belle Arti 41 - Aula Seminari - 1° piano

Relatore
Franceso Russo - Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Techniques Avancées, ENSTA-ParisTech

Abstract

 

The aim of this talk consists in introducing a formalism for the deterministic analysis associated with backward stochastic differential equations driven by general càdlàg martingales, coupled with a forward process.
When the martingale is a standard Brownian motion, the natural deterministic analysis is provided by the solution u of a semilinear PDE of parabolic type coupled with a function v which is associated with the gradient ∇u, when u is of class C1 in space. When u is only a viscosity solution of the PDE, the link associating v to u is not completely clear: sometimes in the literature it is called the identification problem. We introduce in particular the notion of a decoupled mild solution of a PDE, a IPDE, a path-dependent PDE or more generally a deterministic problem associated with a BSDE.
The idea is to introduce a suitable analysis to investigate the equivalent of the identification problem first in a general Markovian setting with a class of examples. An interesting application concerns the hedging problem under basis risk of a contingent claim g(X_T , S_T ), where S (resp. X) is an underlying price of a traded (resp. non-traded but observable) asset, via the celebrated Föllmer-Schweizer decomposition. We revisit the case when the couple of price processes (X, S) is a diffusion and we provide explicit expressions when (X, S) is an exponential of additive processes.
Extensions to non-Markovian (path-dependent) cases are discussed.

Organizzatore
Alberto Lanconelli

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